June 10th Show
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Today June 10th In History
1992 Bridget Bishop is hanged in Salem, Mass., for witchcraft.
1776 The Continental Congress appoints a committee to write a Declaration of Independence.
1801 Tripoli declares war on the U.S. for refusing to pay tribute.
1854 The U.S. Naval Academy in Annapolis, Maryland, holds its first graduation.
1909 An SOS signal is transmitted for the first time in an emergency when the Cunard liner SS Slavonia is wrecked off the Azores.
1948 The news that the sound barrier has been broken is finally released to the public by the U.S. Air Force. Chuck Yeager, piloting the rocket airplane X-1, exceeded the speed of sound on October 14, 1947.
1970 A 15-man group of special forces troops begin training for Operation Kingpin, a POW rescue mission in North Vietnam.
1895 Actress Hattie McDaniel was born on June 10, 1893, in Wichita, Kansas. By the mid-1920s, she became one of the first African-American women on the radio. In 1934, she landed her on-screen break in the film Judge Priest. She then became the first African American to win an Oscar in 1940, for her role as Mammy in Gone with the Wind.
1901 Frederick Loewe, songwriter.
Frederick (Fritz) Loewe, the composer who with his longtime lyricist partner Alan Jay Lerner created the scores for ''My Fair Lady,'' ''Camelot,'' ''Paint Your Wagon,'' ''Brigadoon,'' and ''Gigi,'
1915 Saul Bellow, American novelist (Herzog, Humboldt’s Gift). Widely regarded as one of the 20th century's greatest authors, Bellow has had a "huge literary influence." For his literary work, Bellow was awarded the Pulitzer Prize, the Nobel Prize for Literature, and the National Medal of Arts. He is the only writer to win the National Book Award for Fiction three times and he received the National Book Foundation's lifetime Medal for Distinguished Contribution to American Letters in 1990. “A great deal of intelligence can be invested in ignorance when the need for illusion is deep.”
1922 Judy Garland (Frances Ethel Gumm), American actress and singer (The Wizard of Oz, Easter Parade). Judy Garland (born Frances Ethel Gumm; June 10, 1922 – June 22, 1969) was an American singer, actress, and vaudevillian. She was renowned for her contralto vocals and attained international stardom that continued throughout a career spanning more than 40 years as an actress in musical and dramatic roles, as a recording artist, and on concert stages.
1925 Nat Hentoff, journalist. He was an American historian, novelist, jazz and country music critic, and syndicated columnist for United Media. Hentoff was the jazz critic for The Village Voice from 1958 to 2009. Following his departure from The Village Voice, Hentoff moved his music column to The Wall Street Journal, which published his work until his death. He often wrote on First Amendment issues, vigorously defending the freedom of the press.
1928 Maurice Sendak, children’s author and illustrator (Where the Wild Things Are).
1933 F. Lee Bailey, American defense attorney.
During his controversial career, lawyer F. Lee Bailey has represented such high-profile clients as Sam Sheppard, Patty Hearst, and Albert DeSalvo. He was also a member of the "dream team" of lawyers hired to defend O. J. Simpson during his trial for murder.
Despite their less-than-desirable reputation, bats possess a remarkable ability to control insects (especially disease-carrying mosquitoes). They also have a talent for pollinating plants and dispersing seeds, thereby promoting biodiversity.
Many bats, and almost all in the United States, thrive on an insect diet. A single bat can eat up to 1,200 mosquito-sized insects every hour, and each bat usually eats 6,000 to 8,000 insects each night.
Florida is home to thirteen (13) species of bats that are either year round or seasonal residents. All thirteen species are insectivorous. Some form colonies and some roost alone. There are also seven species of bats that have, on occasion, been found in Florida but they do not normally live here. These are referred to as accidental species. Three are from more northern climates and also eat insects. Four are from more tropical regions and feed on nectar, pollen and fruit. The latter have only been found in south Florida and the Florida Keys. Click on the links below to learn more about these bats.
Ways Bats are Amazing
1. Bats Pollinate Plants
Like bees, bats are attracted to the nectar in plants. You can think of bats as the “night shift” pollinators.
These nocturnal creatures become active when the sun goes down, and work magic in your garden while you snooze. They go after the nectar and bugs, spreading pollen as they swoop and dive.
Lots of plants are dependent on bats for pollination, including tropical fruits like bananas, mangoes, and guavas, and, more importantly, the agave plant, necessary for making tequila (bats are the sole pollinators of the agave plant).
2. Bat Poop is the Bees’ Knees
Flying rodent poop. I know: ew. But bat poop, called guano, is actually an important factor in the global ecosystem, and, in turn, the global economy.
Guano is a rich source of fertilization, and is superior to other natural and organic fertilizers, because bat guano:
has an ideal ratio of NPK (nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium, the elements required for plant growth)
has a high percentage of living organisms, including beneficial bacteria and is fungicidal and destroys nematode worms
3. Bats Cut Down on Mosquitoes and Other Bugs
No matter the season (but especially in spring and summer), there always seem to be pesky bugs around, particularly if you live in warmer climates. Insects can be both bothersome and harmful, but thankfully, bats can help with that.
If you’ve ever grown your own garden, you know how difficult it can be to combat bugs, particularly if you are committed to avoiding harmful pesticides. Bats eat the bugs responsible for wreaking havoc on your garden.
There are a few things you can do to encourage bats to loiter near your home. Consider trying a few of these bat-pleasing tricks.
Build (or Buy) a Bat House
The National Wildlife Federation says “Your goal is to make a bat house that mimics the space between bark and a tree trunk.” (source)
It’s actually pretty simple to build a bat house, even with minimal carpentry skills. For detailed instructions, download this guide from Bat Conservation International.
The basic gist is that you’re building a tall, thin, box made from dark-stained plywood, with a roof and an opening at the bottom. A bat house should be divided inside by a piece or two of the plywood in order to create long, thin spaces for the bats to burrow in. You should mount a bat house 12-20 feet off the ground, attached to a secure pole or building, and secured away from predators.
If you’re not into DIY, you can purchase a bat house inexpensively. Here are a few good options:
This top of the line bat house is endorsed by the the Organization for Bat Conservation and blends in well with trees.
This cedar bat house is less expensive and highly rated.
If you’re an overachiever, this large bat house is also approved by the Organization for Bat Conservation and can hold up to 300 bats!
Leave Dead Trees
While we may worry about dead trees being unsightly, if they aren’t a safety concern, they’re a perfect spot for bats to burrow.
Bats hide behind loose bark and in cracks on dead trees, where they can roost together and form colonies. These colonies can range in size from just a few bats to hundreds, depending on the amount of space the tree provides.
Trees make a perfectly protected refuge for bats and also attract insects which the bats can eat.
Plant Bat-inviting Vegetation
Bats are attracted to light-colored, fragrant plants that bloom at night. Some plants that will help attract bats include:
night-blooming water lily
Scented herbs like chives, lemon balm, and marjoram are also good for attracting bats.
Cinnamon, eucalyptus, and peppermint are said to repel bats, so avoid using those in your garden.
Ready to Get a Bat House in Your Yard?
Are you convinced to invite bats to take up residence in your backyard? Hopefully you’re seeing these fascinating creatures in a whole new light.
Putting up a bat house is as simple as a quick construction project or inexpensive purchase, and a few thoughtful plants, and you’ll have the winged weasels pollinating, fertilizing, and cutting down on insects in your garden in no time.
Fancy and endorsed
Power of suggestion
June: Men's Health Month
1-in-3 men have some form of cardiovascular disease, according to the
American Heart Association. An estimated 2.8 million men experience
stroke each year and hypertension is common in younger men. Routine
check-ups are important to monitor heart health.
Although heart disease is the leading killer of both men and women,
almost twice as many males die of conditions that affect the
cardiovascular system, the MHN reports.
According to the CDC, one in four men has some form of heart disease.
It is the leading cause of death.
Average annual rates of the first heart disease complication rises from
seven per 1,000 men at ages 35-44 to 68 per 1,000 at ages 85-94. For
women, similar rates occur but they happen about 10 years later in life.
The average age of a person having a first heart attack is 65.8 for men and
70.4 for women.
According to the American Heart Association (AHA), risk factors for heart
Family history and race. Folks with family history of the disease have greater risk. So do African-Americans, Mexican Americans,
Native Americans, Native Hawaiians, and some Asian Americans.
Nutritionfacts.org- Dr Michael Greger, We know that the quality and quantity of fat is tightly correlated with the risk of our #1 killer—heart disease. But, what about protein? Out of Harvard recently: “Dietary protein and risk of ischemic heart disease in middle-aged men.”
Independent of source, and independent of fat, do you think total protein intake was associated with more heart disease? Less heart disease? Or, no difference? And, the answer they found was, no difference. The quantity didn’t seem to matter.
But, what about the quality—the source of the protein?
“[They] observed no association between [total] dietary protein and risk of total [heart disease] in this group of men. However, higher intake of animal protein may be associated with an increased risk of [ischemic heart disease] in ‘healthy’ men” [meaning those without hypertension, high cholesterol or diabetes].” “Healthy” only in quotes though, given their higher risk of heart disease, due to their consumption of animal protein.
They also observed “a significant inverse association between higher vegetable protein intake and risk of fatal heart disease.” So, more plants; less heart disease. Meaning, the more plants, and fewer animals, one eats would appear to be better for the heart—even independent of the fat issue.
So, the benefits of a plant-based diet may extend beyond just avoiding saturated animal fat.
Stroke is the third leading killer in the country, after heart disease and all forms of cancer. The incidence rate of stroke is 1.25 times greater in men than in women, although there is really no difference between the sexes as people get older, according to the American Stroke Association.
Other risk factors include:
Race. African-Americans have the greater risk than whites.
Gender. Stroke is more common in men than in women
until age 75.
Personal history of stroke or a transient ischemic attack
(TIA, or ministroke)
Alcohol and substance abuse
In many ways, behaviors that can reduce the risk of stroke
mirror those that can reduce risk of heart disease. "We need to
Nutritionfacts.org- Dr Michael Greger A review of all the best studies ever done on potassium intake, and its relationship to two of our top killers—stroke and heart disease—was recently published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology. A 1,600 milligram per day higher potassium intake was associated with a 21% lower risk of stroke.
That still wouldn’t get the average American up even to the minimum adequate intake, but may still might be able to wipe out a fifth of their stroke risk. “These results support recommendations for higher consumption of potassium-rich foods to prevent vascular diseases.”
What does that mean, potassium-rich foods? “Potassium is particularly abundant in fruits and vegetables. A greater fruit and vegetable consumption has already been shown to protect against the occurrence of stroke.” According to another meta-analysis, “5 or more servings of fruit and vegetables per day are associated with [a quarter] lower rate of stroke compared with 3 or fewer servings.”
And, it’s not just bananas. Chiquita must have had some great PR firm or something. I don’t know why that’s like one of the only things people know about nutrition. In reality, bananas don’t even make the top 50 sources, coming in at #86—right behind fast-food vanilla milk shakes. And, only then, bananas.
In reality, the top five sources are tomato and orange concentrates, and then, in terms of the best whole foods—greens, beans, and dates.
High dietary fiber intake may prevent strokes. The belief that dietary fiber intake is protectively associated with some diseases was postulated 40 years ago, and then enormously fueled and kept alive by a great body of science since. Today, it is therefore generally believed that eating lots of fiber helps prevent obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases such as stroke. Strokes are the second most common cause of death worldwide. Moreover, stroke is a leading cause of disability, and so preventing strokes in the first place–what’s called primary prevention–should therefore be a key public health priority. All best studies to date found that fiber appears to significantly protect against the risk of stroke. Different strokes for different folks, depending, evidently, on how much fiber they ate. Notably, increasing fiber just seven grams a day was associated with a significant 7% reduction in stroke risk. And seven grams is easy, like a small serving of whole grain pasta with tomato sauce, and an apple.
Fiber: we should try to get 25 grams a day of soluble fiber, which is found in beans, oats, nuts, and berries, and 47 grams a day of insoluble fiber, found primarily in whole grains.
Men experience higher rates of alcohol-related deaths and hospitalizations than women, according to the CDC. Drinking alcohol increases risk for mouth, throat, esophagus, liver and colon cancers. It also interferes with testicular function and hormone production.
Depression and Suicide
Men experience depression differently than women, reporting symptoms of fatigue and irritability more often. They are also less likely to acknowledge the condition and seek help. Although women are more likely to attempt suicide, men are more likely to die by suicide.
Men are four times more likely to commit suicide compared to women, reports the MHN, which attributes part of the blame on underdiagnosed depression in men.
William Pollack, PhD, assistant clinical professor of psychiatry at Harvard Medical School, agrees: "Men are more prone to suicide because they're less likely to openly show depression and have somebody else recognize it early enough to treat it, or to have themselves recognize that they're in trouble."
According to the National Institute of Mental Health, more than 6 million men have depression each year. Pollack believes the number of males with depression could be even greater since men may show signs of depression in a manner different from many women.
Instead of sadness, Pollack says depression may play out in the following ways in men:
Alcohol and substance abuse
mood symptoms are not simply ‘feeling bad about having a terrible disease,’ but may be directly tied to the inflammation. Most powerfully, you can actually induce depression by inducing inflammation, like when we give interferon for certain cancers or chronic infections—up to 50% go on to suffer major depression. Even just giving a vaccine can cause enough inflammation to trigger depressive symptoms. Taken together, these studies are strongly suggestive of inflammation being a causative factor of mood symptoms.
So, can an anti-inflammatory diet help prevent depression? We didn’t know, until about 43,000 women without depression were followed, along with their diets, for about a dozen years to see who became depressed, and it was those who ate a more inflammatory dietary pattern, characterized by more soda, refined grains and meat, suggesting that chronic inflammation may underlie the association between diet and depression. Normally, we think of omega-3’s as anti-inflammatory, but they found fish to be pro-inflammatory, associated with increased C-reactive protein levels consistent with recent findings that omega-3’s don’t seem to help with either depression or inflammation. The most anti-inflammatory diet is a plant-based diet, which can cut C-reactive protein levels by 30% within two weeks, perhaps because of the anti-inflammatory properties of antioxidants.
I’ve talked about this before, but never explained why antioxidants are anti-inflammatory. Oxidative damage caused by free radicals may cause an autoimmune response in the body by changing the chemical structure of otherwise ubiquitous molecules to generate new structures that the body attacks as foreign. For example, when LDL cholesterol gets oxidized, our body creates antibodies against it and attacks it. And, so, clinical depression can be accompanied by increased oxidative stress and the autoimmune inflammatory responses it creates.
Where else does inflammation come from in our diet? Endotoxins- a form of sugar. It’s worth reviewing how the endotoxins in animal products can cause a burst of inflammation within hours of consumption. What does that do to our mood? If you inject endotoxin into people, within a few hours, inflammation shoots up, and so do feelings of depression, as well as feelings of social disconnection from people.
Diabetes presents a unique set of complications for men, including greater risk for sexual impotence, and lower testosterone levels which can lead to depression and anxiety. Untreated diabetes also contributes to nerve and kidney damage, heart disease and stroke and vision problem.
But, plant-based diets are relatively low-calorie diets.
Maybe their diabetes just got better because they lost so
much weight. To tease that out, what you’d need to do is
a study where you switch people to a healthy diet—but
force them to eat so much food that they don’t lose any
weight. Then, we could see if plant-based diets have
specific benefits beyond just all the easy weight loss.
Well, we’d have to wait 44 years, but here it is. Subjects
were weighed every day, and if they started losing weight,
they were made to eat more food—in fact, so much more
food, that some of the participants had problems eating it
all. They were like, “Oh, not another salad. Ugh!” But they
eventually adapted; so, no significant weight change—
despite restricting meat, eggs, dairy, and junk.
So, with zero weight loss, did a plant-based diet still help?
Overall, insulin requirements were cut about 60%. And,
half the diabetics were able to get off their insulin altogether—despite no change in weight. How many years did that take? No, 16 days…16 days later.
So, we’re talking diabetics who’ve had diabetes as long as 20 years—injecting 20 units of insulin a day. And then, as few as 13 days later, they’re off all their insulin altogether—thanks to less than two weeks on a plant-based diet, even with zero weight loss.
And, as a bonus, their cholesterol dropped—like a rock, to under 150—in 16 days. Just like moderate changes in diet usually only result in moderate reductions in cholesterol, how moderate do you want your diabetes?
“Everything in moderation” may be a truer statement than some people realize. Moderate changes in diet can leave diabetics with moderate blindness, moderate kidney failure, moderate amputations—maybe just a few toes or something. Moderation in all things is not necessarily a good thing.
Remember that study that purported to show that diets high in meat, eggs, and dairy could be as harmful to health as smoking—suggesting that people who eat lots of animal protein are four times as likely to die from cancer or diabetes?
But, if you look at the actual study, you’ll see that’s simply not true. Those eating a lot of animal protein didn’t have just four times the risk of dying from diabetes; they had 73 times the risk of dying from diabetes.
Prostate cancer is the most common cancer found in men. It is the second leading type of cancer death in men, after lung cancer.
There is not enough known about what causes prostate cancer and how to prevent it. Yet the disease is treatable if found in early stages. This can be a challenge, since prostate cancer can show no symptoms until it has spread to other parts of the body.
risk factors include:
Nationality. The cancer is most common in North America
and Northwestern Europe.
High-fat diet. Men who eat a lot of red meat and high-fat dairy products
and not enough fruits and vegetables have a higher risk.
Only about one in 10,000 people make it to be 100 years old. What’s their secret?
Well, in 1993, a major breakthrough in longevity research was published: a single genetic
mutation that doubled the lifespan of a tiny roundworm. Instead of all being dead by 30 days, the mutants lived 60 days or longer. This lifespan extension was the largest yet reported in any organism.
This Methuselah worm medical marvel is the equivalent of producing a healthy 200-year-old human—all because of a single mutation? That shouldn’t happen; I mean, presumably, aging is caused by multiple processes, many genes. How could just knocking out one gene double the lifespan?
What is this aging gene, anyway? This gene that so speeds up aging that if it’s knocked out, the animals live twice as long? It’s been called the Grim Reaper gene. What is it? It’s the worm equivalent of the human IGF-1 receptor. And mutations of that same receptor in humans may help explain why some people live to be a hundred, and other people don’t.
So, is it just the luck of the draw whether we got good genes or bad? No, we can turn on and off the expression of these genes, depending on what we eat. Three years ago, I profiled a remarkable series of experiments about IGF-1—insulin-like growth factor 1—this cancer-promoting growth hormone, released in excess amounts by our liver when we eat animal protein. So, men and women who don’t eat meat, egg whites, or dairy proteins have significantly lower levels circulating within their bodies.
Switching people to a plant-based diet can significantly lower IGF-1 levels within just 11 days, markedly improving the ability of women’s bloodstreams to suppress breast cancer growth, and then kill breast cancer cells off.
Similarly, the blood serum of men on plant-based diets suppresses prostate cancer cell growth about eight times better than before they changed their diet. This dramatic improvement in cancer defenses is, however, abolished if you add back just the amount of IGF-1 banished from their systems because they were eating and living healthier.
This is one way to explain the low rates of cancer among plant-based populations: the drop in animal protein intake leads to a drop in IGF-1, which leads to a drop in cancer growth. An effect so powerful, Dr. Dean Ornish and colleagues appeared to be able to reverse the progression of prostate cancer without chemo, surgery, or radiation—just a plant-based diet, and other healthy lifestyle changes.
Now, when we’re kids, we need growth hormones to grow. There’s a rare genetic defect that causes severe IGF-1 deficiency, leading to a type of dwarfism—but also apparently makes you effectively cancer-proof. Not a single death from cancer in about 100 individuals with IGF-1 deficiency. How about 200 individuals? None developed cancer. See, most malignant tumors are covered in IGF-1 receptors. But if there’s no IGF-1 around, then they may not be able to grow and spread.
This may help explain why those eating low-carb diets appear to cut their lives short. But not just any low-carb diet—specifically those based on animal sources, whereas vegetable-based low-carb diets were associated with a lower risk of death.
But look, low-carb diets are high in animal fat, as well as animal protein. So, how do we know it wasn’t the saturated animal fat that was killing people off, and it had nothing to do with the protein? What we need is a study that just follows a few thousand people and their protein intakes for 20 years or so, and just see who lives longest, who gets cancer, who doesn’t. But, there’s never been a study like that—until now.
6,000 men and women over age 50 from across the U.S. were followed for 18 years, and those under age 65 with high protein intakes had a 75% increase in overall mortality, and a fourfold increase in the risk of dying from cancer. But not all proteins; these associations were either abolished or attenuated if the proteins were plant-derived. This all makes sense, given the higher IGF-1 levels among those eating lots of animal protein.